Biryani Recipes

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If you love biryani, then this collection of recipes is for you! Check out this interesting selection of delicious and easy chicken and shrimp, egg, and vegetarian & vegan biryani recipes – perfect for modern-day cooking.

A collage of biryani recipes and includes text which reads 13 biryani recipes - includes vegetarian, Vegan, Chicken, and Seafood variations
Biryani Recipes

Biryani, the very word conjures up images of a fragrant mixture of rice, meat, and spices heaped on a plate steaming hot and incredibly delicious. Biryanis are hard to resist and most people fall in love with it with the first spoonful. As such, there is no one recipe and the method of cooking varies from one household to the other.

Origins of Biryani 

There are many different views about where and how biryani came into existence. Here are a few theories –

  • Persian influence – The word “biryani” is said to have derived from the Persian word “birij birian” which means “fried rice”.  
  • There are folks who would argue that references to a  spice-infused rice and meat dish (Oon Soru) existed in Tamil literature long before the Persians came to India. 
  • Timur, the Turko Mongol conqueror has also been credited for bringing in biryani  – a dish that was used to feed his army. 
  • There is another theory that Mumtaz Mahal, wife of Shah Jahan once visited the army barracks and found the Mughal army to be debilitated. That’s when she ordered the chef to cook a nutritious meal combining rice, protein, and spices a.k.a biryani. 
  • The Arabs who ended up in India in search of pepper have also been credited for introducing this dish along the Malabar coast. 

As you have noticed, there are many theories, the consensus, though, is on the theory that it was a dish that originated with the army, where the ease of cooking a one-pot meal made it extremely popular. Irrespective of where it originated, biryanis got immensely popular across India after the Mughal invasion. 

Pulao Vs Biryani: What is the Distinction? 

One touchy subject with a lot of biryani aficionados is how to distinguish between a pulao (pilaf) and a biryani. Both are rice-based dishes and both contain meat, vegetables, and spices.

Then how does one say which is pulao and which is biryani? Here, are my thoughts and I’ll let you draw your own conclusions.  

  • In Biryani, the meat and rice are cooked separately then layered alternately with the rice generally, being the first and the last layer in the pot, which is then sealed and cooked on a slow fire. The layering might be different for different biryanis, but it is almost always there. Pulao, on the other hand, is a single pot meal where the meat and rice are cooked together with no layering.  
  • Biryanis are more aromatic as essences are added to it, these essences vary from screw pine, rose, jasmine to saffron. Pulaos are not scented. 
  • Biryanis uses spices more abundantly and has more complex flavors than pulao, which are more subtle in their use of spices.   
  • Generally, Basmati rice is used to make biryani, while pulao has no such requirements. 
  • Biryani is a meal in itself, but pulao is a part of a full meal.  

Types of Biryanis 

There are literally dozens of different types of biryanis found across the Indian Subcontinent and also in the Middle East and Southeast Asia. Each has its distinct qualities, taste, flavor, and ingredients.

The regional variation in biryani normally comes from the ingredients used. The emphasis on the certain ingredient or spices used in the recipe, give distinctive regional flavors to the various biryanis.

The recipes may use many different varieties of rice from the long grain basmati to other local aromatic rice such as kaima or jeerakasala rice in Kerala and Kala Bhaat in Hyderabad.

The meat used may be either goat, chicken, fowl, beef, fish, seafood, etc. Now, of course, you can even find vegetarian and vegan biryanis.  

Broadly, biryani can be classified into two groups according to the way it is prepared.  

  • Kachchi Biryani – where raw marinated meat, rice, spices, and all the ingredients are layered and cooked dum-pukht style in a sealed pot over a slow fire.  
  • Pakki Biryani – where rice and marinated meat are partially cooked separately. Then they are layered and sealed in a pot before being cooked on a slow fire.  

The different names of the biryanis come from the regions where they originated and the cooks who popularized them. But what is in a name anyway! A biryani cooked anyway, with any ingredients, is still a biryani and just as delicious! 

So, here’s a good collection of recipes ranging from the usuals – chicken, shrimp, and egg biryani to a range of vegetable biryanis and we even have a vegan version. 



Got a new Instant Pot? Check out the links below to make the most of your pressure cooker -  

Instant Pot Egg Biryani

Egg biryani served in a brown bowl
Instant Pot Egg Biryani is this delightful combination of fragrant Basmati rice cooked with spices and then interlaced with spiced, boiled eggs. Learn how to make this flavorful biryani in a pressure cooker in half the time.

Indian Shrimp / Prawn Biryani Recipe

Shrimp Biryani served in a white bowl
Looking for a failproof shrimp biryani recipe? I have one for you! This Instant Pot recipe will yield the most flavorful biryani without a lot of hard work.

Instant Pot Chicken Biryani

Two bowls of Chicken Biryani in white bowls
EASY Instant Pot Chicken Biryani, a one-pot meal made with aromatic basmati rice, tender chicken, spices, and herbs that is cooked over low heat for the most delectable flavors. #ministryofcurry

Chettinad Chicken Biryani Recipe

Chicken biryani served in a black bowl with lime wedges on top
For those who are tired of the same old way of making chicken biryani, you got to try making Chettinad chicken biryani in an Instant Pot. It is flavorful, spicy and oh so satisfying…just like the traditionally made biryani..but with half the effort.

Instant Pot Vegetable Biryani

Veg biryani in a black bowl
Instant Pot vegetable biryani is made by pressure cooking rice, vegetables in a spicy onion-tomato gravy to create this flavorful one-pot vegetarian meal that comes together in under 30 minutes.

Instant Pot Paneer & Veg Biryani

Simple and authentic Vegetable & Paneer Biryani is an Indian one-pot meal with grains, vegetables, and protein. You’re going to love this flavorful dish.

Cauliflower Biryani | Gobi Dum Biryani

Recipe to make Cauliflower biryani | gobi dum biryani with step by step pictures. Enjoy this delicious vegetarian biryani with a some boondi raita.

SoyaChunks Peas Biryani

Soya Chunks Peas Biryani – Spicy delicious Basmati rice cooked with soya chunks, peas, and grounded masala. Serve with raita of your choice.

Chettinad Mushroom Biryani

Chettinad mushroom Biryani – Delicious rice cooked with Mushrooms, spices, herbs, and grounded shallot paste in Chettinad style.

Biryani recipes with a twist

Quinoa Vegetable Biryani in Instant Pot| Quinoa Pilaf

Quinoa Vegetable Biryani is my healthy twist on a popular Indian dish, Vegetable Biryani. I replace rice with quinoa in this 20-minute Instant Pot recipe.

For those who are looking for a new way of making biryani, you are in the right place. Check out this modern take on biryanis.

Vegan Chickpea Pumpkin Biryani (GF)

This Vegan Chickpea Pumpkin Biryani makes the perfect hearty weeknight supper. It’s super easy to make and naturally gluten-free!

Lemon Chicken Biryani

This Lemon Chicken Biryani recipe is a lush one pot chicken and rice dish from India that goes from weeknight meal to entertaining with ease.

Peach and Cashew Biryani Salad

This Peach and Cashew Biryani Salad is a nice change from the same old barbecue side dishes ~ this easy rice pilaf is perfect for potlucks and parties.

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An overhead shot of Gujarathi kadhi along with rice, rotis and a side of lemon

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2 Comments

  1. Thanks for the article and the recipes. Have a good day.Like your postings of recipes. Thanks for sharing this lovely recipes. Will certainly try that appealing to me.

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